Published Manuscripts:


Ward, R. M. Schomaker, J. M. Allene Trifunctionalization via Amidyl Radical Cyclization and TEMPO Trapping, J. Org. Chem. 2021.

Ju, M. Schomaker, J. M. Modern Catalyst Design Strategies for Enantioselective Formation of C-N Bonds via Nitrene Transfer. Nat. Rev. Chem. 2021, Accepted, In press.

Dehghany, M.; Schomaker, J. M. Silver-catalyzed Enantioselective Functionalizations of Alkenes and Alkynes: A Short Review, Curr. Opin. Green Sustain. Chem., 2021, 30, 100483.


Carrasquel Ursulaez, W.; Reeves, R. D.; Dehghany, M.; Jones, C.; Schomaker, J. M.; Chanda, B. Re-evaluation of the mechanism of cytotoxicity dialkylated lariat ether compounds. RSC Adv. 2020, 10, 40391-40394.

Hu, Y.; Robert, J. M.; Kilgore, H.; Mat Lani, A. S.; Raines, R. T.; Schomaker, J. M. Triple, Mutually Orthogonal Cycloadditions Through the Design of Electronically Activated SNO-OCTs. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020. 142, 44, 18826–18835.

Dequina, H. J.; Schomaker J. M. Aziridinium Ylides: Underutilized Intermediates for Complex Amine Synthesis. Trends in Chemistry 2020, 2, 874-887.

Nicastri, K. A.; Schomaker, J. M. DMDO. Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, 2020, accepted, in press.

Vine, L. E.; Zerull, E. E.; Schomaker, J. M. Taming nitrene transfer with silver catalysts. Synlett, 2020.

U.S. Patent: Electronically Activated Strained Alkynes. Inventors. Schomaker, J. M.; Burke, E. G. US10676449B2, issued June 2020.

Ju, M.; Zerull, E. E.; Roberts, J. M.; Huang, M.; Schomaker, J. M. Silver-Catalyzed Enantioselective Propargylic C–H Bond Amination Through Rational Ligand Design. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020. 142, 30, 12930–12936

Lu, L.; Ward, R. M.; Schomaker, J. M. Regioselective intramolecular allene amidation enabled by an EDA complex. Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2020. 26, 13783 –13787

Gerstner, N. C.; Nicastri, K. A.; Schomaker, J. M. Strategies for the synthesis of pactamycin and jogyamycin. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2021. 60, 2–22

Dequina, H.; Eshon, J.; Raskopf, W.; Fernandez, I.; Schomaker, J. Rh-catalyzed aziridine ring expansions to dehydropiperazines. Org. Lett. 2020, 22, 3637-3641.

Huang, M.; Paretsky, J.; Schomaker, J. M. Rigidifying Ag(I) Complexes for Selective Nitrene Transfer. ChemCatChem. 2020, 12, 3076-3081.

Nicastri, K.; Schomaker, J. M. 1, 2-Azide Migration Enables Synthesis of β-Difluoroalkyl Azides. Chem. 2020, 6, 327-329.

Schomaker, J. M. Interview with Jennifer M. Schomaker. Org. Chem. Front., 2020, 7, 442-444.

Eshon, J. Ring expansion of aziridines to dehydropiperidines. Nature Research Chemistry Community,

Eshon, J.; Nicastri, K.; Schmid, S. C.; Raskop, W.; Guzei, I. A.; Fernández, I.; Schomaker, J. M. Intermolecular [3+3] Ring-Expansion of Aziridines to Dehydropiperidines through the Intermediacy of Aziridinium Ylides. Nat. Commun., 2020, 12, 1273.

Corbin, J. R.; Ketelboeter, D. R.; Fernández, I.; Schomaker, J. M. Biomimetic Imino-Nazarov Cyclizations via Eneallene Aziridination. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 12, 5568-5573.

Reeves, R. D.; Kinkema, C. N.; Landwehr, E. M.; Vine, L. E.; Schomaker, J. M. Stereodivergent Metal-catalyzed Allene Cycloisomerizations. Synlett., 2020, 31, 627-631.


Liu, L.; Ward, R. M.; Schomaker, J. M. Mechanistic Aspects and Synthetic Applications of Radical Additions to Allenes. Chem. Rev. 2019, 119, 12422-12490.

Ju, M.; Guan, W.; Schomaker, J. M.; Harper, K. C. Sequential Reduction of Nitroalkanes Mediated by CS2 and Amidine/Guanidine Bases: a Controllable Nef Reaction. Org. Lett. 2019, 21, 8893-8898.

Gerstner, N. C.; Schomaker, J. M. Stereocontrolled Synthesis of the Aminocyclopentitol Core of Jogyamycin via an Ichikawa Rearrengment Reaction. ChemRxiv preprint, 2019, 84, 14092-14100.

Scamp, R. J.; Sheffer, B.; Schomaker, J. M. Regioselective differentiation of vicinal methylene C-H bonds enabled by silver-catalyzed nitrene transferChem. Commun. 201955, 7362-7365.

Ju, M.; Huang, M.; Vine, L.; Dehghany, M.; Roberts, J. M.; Schomaker, J. M. Tunable, Catalyst-Controlled Syntheses Of Beta- And Gamma-Amino Alcohol Motifs Enabled By Silver Complexes. Nature Catalysis 2019, 2, 899-908.

Dehghany, M.; Eshon, J.; Roberts, J. M.; Schomaker, J. M. Silver-Catalyzed Carbene, Nitrene And Silylene Transfer Reactions. in Silver in Organic Synthesis Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.: Weinheim, 2019, 439-532.


Eshon, J.; Foarta, F.; Landis, C. R.; Schomaker, J. M. Alpha-Tetrasubstituted Aldehydes Through Electronic And Strain-Controlled Branch-Selective Stereoselective HydroformylationJ. Org. Chem. 201883, 10207-10220.

Eshon, J.; Gerstner, N. C.; Schomaker, J. M. Oxidative Allene Amination For The Synthesis Of Nitrogen-Containing HeterocyclesArkivoc 2018, 204-233.

Mat Lani, A. S.; Schomaker, J. M. Site-Selective, Catalyst-Controlled Alkene AziridinationSynthesis issue in honor of Professor Scott Denmark’s 65th birthday, 201850, 4462-4470.

Schomaker, J. M.; Burke, E. G. Electronically Activated Strained AlkynesFrom U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2018), US 20180201593 A1 20180719.

Schmid, S. C.; Guzei, I. A.; Fernandez, I.; Schomaker, J. M. Ring Expansion Of Bicyclic Methyleneaziridines Via Concerted, Near-Barrierless [2,3]-Stevens Rearrangements Of Aziridinium YlidesACS Catal. 20188, 7907-7914.

Tansukawat, N. D.; See, A. E.; Jiranuntarat, S.; Corbin, J. R.; Schomaker, J. M. Method For The Small-Scale Production Of DeuterochloroformJ. Org. Chem. 201883, 8739-8742.

Alderson, J. M.;  Corbin, J. R.; Schomaker, J. M. Investigation Of Transition Metal-Catalyzed Nitrene Transfer Reactions In WaterBioorg. Med. Chem. issue in honor of Professor Laura Kiessling’s Tetrahedron Prize, 201826, 5270-5273.

Liu, L.; Schomaker, J. M.  Allene Aziridination As A Tool For The Synthesis Of Complex Amines. in Advances in Transition-Metal Mediated Heterocycle Synthesis, Fernandez, I. Ed.; Elsevier, 2018, pp 231-283.


Huang, M.; Yang, T.; Paretsky, J. D.; Berry, J. F.; Schomaker, J. M. Inverting Steric Effects: Using ‘Attractive’ Non-Covalent Interactions To Direct Silver-Catalyzed Nitrene TransferJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017139, 17376-17386.

Vinokur, A. I.; Yakovenko, A.; Liu, L.; Schomaker, J. M.; Guzei, I. A. An Enantiotropic Disorder-Partial Order Solid-State Transformation In A Molecular Solid Involving A Phase With Z’=12Cryst. Growth Des. 201717, 5984-5993.

Schmid, S. C.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M.  A Stereoselective [3+1] Ring Expansion Of The Synthesis Of Highly Substituted Methylene AzetidinesAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 201756, 12229-12233.

Burke, E. G.; Schomaker, J. M. Synthetic Applications Of Flexible SNO-OCT Strained Alkynes and Their Use in Postpolymerization ModificationsJ. Org. Chem. 2017, 82, 9038-9046.

Alderson, J. M.; Corbin, J. R.; Schomaker, J. M. Tunable, Chemo- And Site-Selective Nitrene Transfer Reactions through the Rational Design of Silver(I) CatalystsAcc. Chem. Res.201750, 2147-2158.

Ju, M.; Weatherly, C. D.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M. Chemo- and Enantioselective Intramolecular Silver-Catalyzed AziridinationsAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 201756, 9944-9948.

Eshon, J.; Landis, C. R.; Schomaker, J. M. Regioselective Rh-Catalyzed Hydroformylation of 1,1,3-Trisubstituted Allenes Using BisDiazaPhos LigandJ. Org. Chem. 2017, 9270-9278.

Alderson, J. M.; Schomaker, J. M. Tandem Oxidative Derivatization of Nitrene Insertion Products for the Highly Diastereoselective Synthesis of 1,3-aminoalcoholsChem. Eur. J.201723, 8571-8576.

Reeves, R. D.; Phelps, A. M.; Raimbach, W. A. T.; Schomaker, J. M. Diastereoselective Au-Catalyzed Allene Cycloisomerizations to Highly Substituted CyclopentenesOrg. Lett. 201719, 3394-3397.

Liu, L.; Gerstner, N. C.; Oxtoby, L. J.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M. Fluorinated Amine Stereotriads via Allene AminationOrg. Lett. 201719, 3239-3242.

Burke, E. G.; Gold, B.; Hoang, T. T.; Raines, R. T.; Schomaker, J. M. Fine-Tuning Strain and Electronic Activation of Strain-Promoted 1,3-Dipolar Cycloadditions with Endocyclic Sulfamates in SNO-OCTsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017139, 8029-8037.

Huang, M.; Corbin, J. R.; Dolan, N. S.; Fry, C. G.; Vinokur, A.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M. Synthesis, Characterization, And Variable-Temperature Nmr Studies Of Silver(I) Complexes For Selective Nitrene TransferInorg. Chem. 2017, No. 56, 6725-6733.

Weatherly, C. D.; Alderson, J. M.; Berry, J. F.; Hein, J.; Schomaker, J. M. Catalyst-Controlled Nitrene Transfer by Tuning Metal:Ligand Ratios: Insight into the Mechanisms of ChemoselectivityOrganometallics 201736, 1649-1661.

Corbin, J. R.; Schomaker, J. M. Tunable Differentiation of Tertiary C-H Bonds in Intramolecular Transition Metal-Catalyzed Nitrene Transfer ReactionsChem. Commun. 201753, 4346-4349.


Dolan, N. S.; Scamp, R. J.; Yang, T.; Berry, J. F.; Schomaker, J. M. Catalyst-Controlled And Tunable, Chemoselective Silver-Catalyzed Intermolecular Nitrene Transfer: Experimental And Computational StudiesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016138, 14658-14667.

Touney, E. E.; Van Hoveln, R.; Buttke, C. T.; Freidberg, M. D.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M. Heteroleptic Nickel Complexes for the Markovnikov-Selective Hydroboration of StyrenesOrganometallics 201635, 3436.

Phelps, A. M.; Chan, V. S.; Napolitano, J. G.; Krabbe, S. W.; Schomaker, J. M.; Shekhar, S. Ligand-Controlled Synthesis of Azoles via Ir-Catalyzed Reactions Of Sulfoxonium Ylides With 2-Amino HeterocyclesJ. Org. Chem. 201681, 4158.

Gerstner, N.; Adams, C. S.; Schomaker, J. M. Stereocontrolled Syntheses of Seven-Membered Carbocycles by Tandem Allene Aziridination/[4+3] ReactionAngew. Chem. Int. Ed.201655, 13240.

Scamp, R. J.; Jirak, J. G.; Dolan, N. S.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M. A General Catalyst for Site-Selective C(Sp3)-H Bond Amination of Activated Secondary over Tertiary Alkyl C(Sp3)-H BondsOrg. Lett. 201618, 3014-3017.

Gerstner, N. C.; Adams, C. S.; Grigg, R. D.; Tretbar, M.; Rigoli, J. W.; Schomaker, J. M. Diastereoselective Synthesis of the Aminocyclitol Core of Jogyamycin via an Allene Aziridination StrategyOrg. Lett. 201618, 284.


Phelps, A. M.; Alderson, J. M.; Schomaker, J. M.; Ma, S.; Gao, S. Metal-Catalyzed Cyclization Reactions Of Allenes. Chapter 6 In Science of Synthesis; 2015.

Burke, E. G.; Schomaker, J. M. Oxidative Allene Amination for the Synthesis of Azetidin-3-onesAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 201554, 12097.

Schmid, S. C.; Van Hoveln, R. J.; Rigoli, J. W.; Schomaker, J. M. Development of N-Heterocyclic Carbene-Copper Complexes for 1,3-Halogen MigrationOrganometallics 201534, 4164.

Croisant, M. F.; Van Hoveln, R. J.; Schomaker, J. M. Formal Dyotropic Rearrangements In Organometallic TransformationsEur. J. Org. Chem. 2015. 

Van Hoveln, R. J.; Hudson, B. M.; Wedler, H. B.; Bates, D. M.; Le Gros, G.; Tantillo, D. J.; Schomaker, J. M. Mechanistic Studies of Copper(I)-Catalyzed 1,3-Halogen MigrationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015137, 5346.


Alderson, J. M.; Phelps, A. M.; Scamp, R. J.; Dolan, N. S.; Schomaker, J. M. Ligand-Controlled, Tunable Silver-Catalyzed C-H AminationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014136.

Van Hoveln, R.; Schmid, S.; Schomaker, J. M. 1,3-Halogen Migration as an Entry to Aryl Coppers from an Unintuitive Starting MaterialOrg. Biomol. Chem. 201412.

Van Hoveln, R. J.; Schmid, S. C.; Tretbar, M.; Buttke, C.; Schomaker, J. M. Formal Asymmetric Hydrobromination of Styrenes via Copper-Catalyzed 1,3-Halogen MigrationChem. Sci. 20145, 4763.

 Adams, C. S.; Grigg, R. D.; Schomaker, J. M. Complete Stereodivergence in the Synthesis of 2-Amino-1,3-diols from AllenesChem. Sci. 20145, 3046.

Adams, C. S.; Grigg, R. D.; Schomaker, J. M. Aminosugar Motifs via an Allene Aziridination StrategyTetrahedron 201470, 4128.

Adams, C. S.; Weatherly, C. D.; Burke, E. G.; Schomaker, J. M. The Conversion of Allenes to Strained Three-Membered HeterocyclesChem. Soc. Rev. 201443, 3136.

Rigoli, J. W.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M. Aminodiols via Stereocontrolled Oxidation of MethyleneaziridinesOrg. Lett. 201416, 1696.

Scamp, R. J.; Rigoli, J. W.; Schomaker, J. M. Chemoselective Silver-Catalyzed Nitrene Insertion ReactionsPure Appl. Chem. 201486, 381.


Rigoli, J. W.; Weatherly, C. D.; Alderson, J.; Vo, B. T.; Schomaker, J. M. Tunable, Chemoselective Amination via Silver CatalysisJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013135, 17238.

Weatherly, C. D.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M. Stereocontrolled Synthesis of 1,3-Diamino-2-ols by Aminohydroxylation of Bicyclic Methylene-AziridinesEur. J. Org. Chem. 20132013(18), 3667-3670.

Phelps, A. M.; Dolan, N. S.; Connell, N. T.; Schomaker, J. M. Divergent Reactivity of Allene-Containing Alpha-Diazoesters using Cu and Rh CatalystsTetrahedron 201369, 5614-5621.

Grigg, R. D.; Schomaker, J. M. Activating Group Recycling: A Fresh Approach to Arene FunctionalizationSynlett 201324, 401.

Rigoli, J. W.; Weatherly, C. D.; Vo, B. T.; Neale, S.; Meis, A. R.; Schomaker, J. M. Chemoselective Allene Aziridination via Ag(I) CatalysisOrg. Lett. 201315, 290.

Schomaker, J. M.; Boralsky, L. A.; Rigoli, J. W.; Hershberger, J. C. Efficient Processes to Prepare Asymmetric, Hetereoatom-Bearing Stereotriads via Allene Oxidation. 2013-US-79511, 2013.


Grigg, R. D.; Van Hoveln, R.; Schomaker, J. M. Copper-Catalyzed Recycling of Halogen Activating Groups via 1,3-Halogen MigrationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012134, 16131-16134.

Adams, C. S.; Boralsky, L. A.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M. Modular Functionalization of Allenes to Aminated StereotriadsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012134, 10807-10810.

Grigg, R. D.; Rigoli, J. W.; Van Hoveln, R.; Neale, S.; Schomaker, J. M. Beyond Benzyl Grignards: Facile Generation of Benzyl Carbanions from StyrenesChem. Eur. J. 201218, 9391-9396.

Weatherly, C. D.; Rigoli, J. W.; Schomaker, J. M. Synthesis of 1,3-Diaminated Stereotriads via Rearrangement of 1,4-Diazaspiro[2.2]pentanesOrg. Lett. 201214, 1704.

Rigoli, J. W.; Boralsky, L. A.; Hershberger, J. C.; Meis, A. R.; Guzei, I. A.; Schomaker, J. M. 1,4-Diazaspiro[2.2]pentanes as a Flexible Platform for the Synthesis of Diamine-Bearing StereotriadsJ. Org. Chem. 201277, 2446.

Rigoli, J. W.; Grigg, R. D.; Pearce, S. D.; Schomaker, J. M. Synthesis of Propargylic and Allenic Carbamates via the C-H Amination of AlkynesOrg. Lett. 201214, 280.

Gladysz, J.; Ball, Z.; Bertrand, G.; Blum, S. A.; Dong, V. M.; Dorta, R.; Hahn, F. E.; Humphrey, M. G.; Jones, W. D.; Klosin, J.; Manners, I.; Marks, T. J.; Mayer, J. M.; Rieger, B.; Ritter, J. C.; Sattelberger, A. P.; Schomaker, J. M.; Yam, V. W. Organometallics Roundtable 2011Organometallics 201231, 1.

Rigoli, J. W.; Moyer, S. A.; Pearce, S. D.; Schomaker, J. M. alpha,beta-unsaturated Imines via Ru-Catalyzed Coupling Of Allylic Alcohols And AminesOrg. Biomol. Chem. 201210.


Kulshrestha, A.; Schomaker, J. M.; Holmes, D.; Staples, R. J.; Jackson, J. E.; Borhan, B. Selectivity In The Addition Reactions of Organometallic Reagents To Aziridine-2-carboxyaldehydes: The Effects Of Protecting Groups And Substitution PatternsChem. Eur. J. 201117, 12326.

Grigg, R. D.; Schomaker, J. M.; Timokhin, V. C-H Amination/cyclocarbonylation of Allene Carbamates: A Versatile Platform for the Synthesis of alpha,beta-Unsaturated gamma-LactamsTetrahedron 201167 (24), 4318-4326.

Boralsky, L. A.; Marston, D.; Grigg, R. D.; Hershberger, J. C.; Schomaker, J. M. Allene Functionalization via Bicyclic Methylene AziridinesOrg. Lett. 201113, 1924.

Guzei, I. A.; Gunn, E. M.; Spencer, L. C.; Schomaker, J. M.; Rigoli, J. W. Polymorphism Of 5-(pyridin-2-ylmethylene)-3-phenyl-2-methylthio-3,5-dihydro-4H-imidazole-4-oneCryst. Eng. Comm. 201113, 3444-3450.


Boyd, W. C.; Crimmin, M.; Rosebrugh, L.; Schomaker, J. M.; Bergman, R. G.; Toste, F. D. Cobalt-Mediated, Enantioselective Synthesis Of C2 And CDienesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010132, 16365.

Publications prior to UW-Madison:

Schomaker, J. M.; Toste, F. D.; Bergman, R. G. Cobalt-Mediated [3+2]-Annulation Reaction of Alkenes with alpha,beta-Unsaturated Ketones, and IminesOrg. Lett. 200911 (16), 3698-3700.

Borhan, B.; Schomaker, J. M.; Bhattacharjee, S.; Korthals, K. A. Synthesis of N-Heterocycles, Beta-Amino Acids, and Allyl Amines via Aza-Payne Mediated Reaction of Ylides and Hydroxy AziridinesU.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. 2009.

Schomaker, J. M.; Borhan, B. Total Synthesis of Haterumalides NA And NC via a Chromium-Mediated MacrocyclizationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008130, 12228-12229.

Schomaker, J. M.; Boyd, W. C.; Stewart, I. C.; Toste, F. D.; Bergman, R. G. Cobalt Dinitrosoalkane Complexes in the C-H Functionalization of OlefinsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008130, 3777-3779.

Schomaker, J. M.; Geiser, A. R.; Huang, R.; Borhan, B. Tetrasubstituted Pyrrolidines via a Tandem Aza-Payne/Hydroamination ReactionJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007129, 3794-3795.

Schomaker, J. M.; Bhattacharjee, S.; Yan, J.; Borhan, B. Diastereomerically and Enantiomerically Pure 2,3-Disubstituted Pyrrolidines from 2,3-Aziridin-1-ols using a Sulfoxonium Ylide: A One-Carbon Homologative Relay Ring ExpansionJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007129, 1996-2003.

Delia, T. J.; Schomaker, J. M.; Kalinda, A. The Synthesis of Substituted Phenylpyrimidines via Suzuki Coupling ReactionsJ. Heterocyclic Chem. 200643, 127-131.

Zheng, T.; Narayan, R. S.; Schomaker, J. M.; Borhan, B. One-Pot Regio- and Stereoselective Cyclization of 1,2,n-triolsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005127, 6946-6947.

Schomaker, J. M.; Pulgam, V. R.; Borhan, B. Synthesis of Diastereomerically and Enantiomerically Pure 2,3-Disubstituted Tetrahydrofurans using a Sulfoxonium YlideJ. Am. Chem. Soc.2004125, 13600-13601.

Schomaker, J. M.; Borhan, B. Total Synthesis Of (+)-tanikolide via Oxidative LactonizationOrg. and Biomol. Chem. 20042, 621-624.

Borhan, B.; Travis, B. R.; Schomaker, J. M. Catalytic Osmium-Assisted Oxidative Cleavage of Olefins using Peroxymonosulfuric Acid and Salts Thereof. U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. 2003.

Schomaker, J. M.; Travis, B. R.; Borhan, B. Direct Lactonization of Alkenols Via Osmium Tetroxide-Mediated Oxidative CleavageOrg. Lett. 20035, 3089-3092.

Schomaker, J. M.; Delia, T. J. Arylation Of Halogenated Pyrimidines via a Suzuki Coupling ReactionJ. Org. Chem. 200166, 7125-7128.

Siddall, T. L.; Krumel, K. L.; Emonds, M. V. M.; Schomaker, J. M.; Zettler, M. W. Process for Preparing 1-alkyl-4-(2-chloro-3-alkoxy-4-alkylsulfonylbenzoyl)-5-hydroxypyrazole and Related Compounds, 2001.

Schomaker, J. M.; Delia, T. J. 2,4,6-Trichloropyrimidine. Reaction with anilines. J. Heterocyclic Chem. 200037, 1457-1462.

Delia, T. J.; Meltsner, B. R.; Schomaker, J. M. 2,4,6-Trichloropyrimidine. Reaction with sodium amide. J. Heterocyclic Chem. 199936, 1259-12610.

Siddall, T. L.; Edmonds, M. V. M.; Krumel, K. L.; Schomaker, J. M. Process for Preparing 1-alkyl-4-(2-chloro-3-alkoxy-4-alkylsulfonylbenzoyl)-5-hydroxypyrazole and Related Compounds, 1998.

Schomaker, J. M. Inside the Career of a Chemical TechnicianAmerican Careers 1998, 6-7.